Japan is separated from the Asian mainland by 160km (100 miles) of sea. About 70% of the country is covered by hills and mountains. Known as ‘Land of the Rising Sun’, Japan is a country marked by spectacular natural beauty, gracious hospitality and rich artistic heritage. Cities are a wonderland of gleaming skyscrapers, groundbreaking technology and frenetic pace of life whereas the countryside hums along with its rustic lifestyles and time-honored traditions. Its eye-popping culture has long exerted a strong influence on the region’s pop and youth scene.